Today in History: July 17, Disneyland Opening Day

Today in History

Today is Sunday, July 17, the 198th day of 2022. There are 167 days left in the year.

Today’s highlight in the story:

On July 17, 1821, Spain ceded Florida to the United States.

To this date :

In 1862, during the Civil War, Congress approved the Second Forfeiture Act, which declared that all slaves taking refuge behind Union lines were to be freed.

In 1918, Russian Tsar Nicholas II and his family were executed by the Bolsheviks.

In 1936, the Spanish Civil War began when right-wing army generals launched an attempted coup against the Second Spanish Republic.

In 1944, during World War II, 320 men, two-thirds of whom were African Americans, were killed when a pair of munitions ships exploded at Port Chicago Naval Magazine in California.

In 1945, after the surrender of Nazi Germany, President Harry S. Truman, Soviet leader Josef Stalin and British Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill began meeting in Potsdam for the last Allied summit of World War II. .

In 1955, Disneyland had its opening day in Anaheim, California.

In 1975, an Apollo spacecraft docked with an orbiting Soyuz spacecraft in the first such superpower bond.

In 1981, 114 people were killed when a pair of catwalks suspended above the lobby of the Hyatt Regency hotel in Kansas City collapsed during a tea dance.

In 1996, TWA Flight 800, a Boeing 747 bound for Europe, exploded and crashed off Long Island, New York, shortly after departing John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 230 people on board.

In 2009, former CBS anchor Walter Cronkite died in New York at age 92.

In 2014, Eric Garner, a black man accused of selling untaxed bulk cigarettes, died shortly after being tackled to the ground by New York police officers; a video of the teardown showed Garner repeatedly saying, “I can’t breathe.” (Garner’s family received $5.9 million from the city in 2015 to settle a wrongful death lawsuit.) All 298 passengers and crew aboard Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 were killed when the Boeing 777 was shot down over rebel-held eastern Ukraine; the Ukrainian government and pro-Russian separatists have denied responsibility.

In 2020, civil rights icon John Lewis, whose bloody beating by Alabama state troopers in 1965 helped galvanize opposition to racial segregation, and who continued a long and famous career in Congress, died at the age of 80.

Ten years ago: Israel plunged into a political crisis after the largest party in government resigned, leaving Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at the helm of a hardline coalition opposed to most Middle East peace initiatives.

Five years ago: The latest Republican effort to repeal and replace “Obamacare” dealt a fatal blow to the Senate when two more Republican senators announced their opposition to the measure. A white former Texas police officer, Roy Oliver, has been charged with murder in the April shooting death of 15-year-old Jordan Edwards, who was in a car with four other black teenagers when he was shot. (Oliver would be convicted of murder and sentenced to 15 years in prison.) A Georgia jury has ruled that CSX Transportation should pay $3.9 million to the family of a movie theater worker killed on a railroad trestle in 2014 while shooting a film about musician Gregg Allman. .

A year ago, Syrian President Bashar Assad was sworn in for a fourth seven-year term in the war-torn country, pledging to overcome the impact of Western economic sanctions and reclaim territory still outside his control after 10 years of fighting. A baseball game between the San Diego Padres and the Washington Nationals was suspended in the sixth inning after a shootout outside Nationals Park that injured three; echoes of gunfire in the stadium prompted some fans to rush to safety in the dugout.

Today’s birthdays: Actor Donald Sutherland turns 87. Sportscaster Verne Lundquist is 82 years old. Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, is 75. Rock musician Terry “Geezer” Butler is 73 years old. Actor Lucie Arnaz is 71 years old. Actor David Hasselhoff is 70 years old. Rock musician Fran Smith Jr. (The Hooters) is 70 years old. Former German Chancellor Angela Merkel is 68. Television producer Mark Burnett is 62 years old. Actor Nancy Giles is 62 years old. Singer Regina Belle is 59 years old. Country singer Craig Morgan is 58 years old. Rock musician Lou Barlow is 56 years old. Contemporary Christian singer Susan Ashton is 55. Actor Andre Royo is 54 years old. Actor Bitty Schram is 54 years old. Actor Jason Clarke is 53 years old. Director F. Gary Gray is 53 years old. Rapper Sole is 49 years old. Country singer Luke Bryan is 46 years old. Actor Eric Winter is 46 years old. Actor Mike Vogel is 43 years old. Actor Tom Cullen is 37 years old. Actor Brando Eaton is 36 years old. R&B singer Jeremih (jehr-uh-MY’) is 35 years old. Actor Summer Bishil is 34 years old. Actor Billie Lourd is 30 years old. Actor Leo Howard is 25 years old.

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